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Nijmegen [ˈnɛiˌmeːɣə(n)] (Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel anhören), deutsch Nimwegen, selten auch Nymwegen, auf Nimwegisch Nimwèège [ nɪmˈʋɛːʝə​]. Sie Ihrerseits können in der Region „Rijk van Nijmegen“ bis heute die archäologischen Funde aus der Römerzeit – aber auch die Bräuche der Römer. Entdecken Sie Nimwegen, eine der ältesten Städte Hollands, mit historischen Gebäuden, Jahrhunderte alten Plätzen und der ältesten Einkaufsstraße des. Nijmegen. Provinz, Gelderland. Einwohner. (). Höhe. 29 m Grenze zu Deutschland liegt Nimwegen (niederländisch: Nijmegen), die größte Stadt. Dieser anpassbare private Spaziergang von Nijmegen wird viele seiner Höhepunkte aus einer lokalen Perspektive zeigen. Sie werden die Stadt in 2 Stunden.

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Dieser anpassbare private Spaziergang von Nijmegen wird viele seiner Höhepunkte aus einer lokalen Perspektive zeigen. Sie werden die Stadt in 2 Stunden. Entdecken Sie Nimwegen, eine der ältesten Städte Hollands, mit historischen Gebäuden, Jahrhunderte alten Plätzen und der ältesten Einkaufsstraße des. Top 10 Nijmegen Sehenswürdigkeiten: Hier finden Sie Bewertungen und Fotos von Reisenden über 89 Sehenswürdigkeiten, Touren und. Nijmwegen

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Some of Hieronymus Bosch 's ancestors also came from the city. During the Dutch Revolt , trade came to a halt and even though Nijmegen became a part of the Republic of United Provinces after its capture from the Spanish in , it remained a border town and had to endure multiple sieges.

In Nijmegen was host to the negotiations between the European powers that aimed to put an end to the constant warfare that had ravaged the continent for years.

The result was the Treaty of Nijmegen that, unfortunately, failed to provide for a lasting peace. In the second half of the 19th century, the fortifications around the city became a major problem.

There were too many inhabitants inside the walls, but the fortifications could not be demolished because Nijmegen was deemed as being of vital importance to the defence of the Netherlands.

When events in the Franco-Prussian war proved that old-fashioned fortifications were no more of use, this policy was changed and the fortifications were dismantled in The old castle had already been demolished in , so that its bricks could be sold.

Through the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, Nijmegen grew steadily. The Waal was bridged in by a rail bridge and in by a car bridge, which was claimed to be Europe's biggest bridge at the time.

In the current Radboud University Nijmegen was founded and in a channel was dug between the Waal and Maas rivers. In , the Netherlands was invaded by Germany with Nijmegen being the first Dutch city to fall into German hands.

On 22 February , Nijmegen was heavily bombed by American planes, causing great damage to the city centre. It was subsequently claimed by the Allies that the American pilots thought they were bombing the German city of Kleve , while the Germans alleged that it was a planned operation authorised by the Dutch government in exile.

The Dutch organization for investigating wartime atrocities, the NIOD , announced in January that its study [ citation needed ] of the incident confirmed that it was an accident caused by poor communications and chaos in the airspace.

Over people died in the bombardment. During September , the city saw heavy fighting during Operation Market Garden. The objective of the Battle of Nijmegen was mainly to prevent the Germans from destroying the bridges.

The bridge was heavily defended by over German troops on both the north and south sides with close to 20 anti-tank guns and two anti-aircraft guns , supported with artillery.

The Germans' late attempt to blow the road bridge was possibly foiled by a local Dutch resistance hero, Jan van Hoof , who is said to have cut the wires to the bridge.

The Germans made repeated attacks on the bridge using bombs attached to driftwood, midget submarines and later resorted to shelling the bridge with 88mm barrages.

Troops [ clarification needed German or Allied? Troops that couldn't fit onto the bridge were positioned in a bombed-out house slightly upstream of the bridge.

During the shelling, the house was hit, killing six soldiers and wounding one more. The city would later be used as a springboard for Operation Veritable , the invasion across the Rhine River by Allied Troops.

On 23 February , the Nijmegen police department and the Dutch Army stormed the Piersonstraat and Zeigelhof, a squatters housing block in the city centre of Nijmegen.

Using riot vans, three Leopard 1s , three armoured personnel carriers , a helicopter, 1, policemen, and members of the armed forces , they evicted the squatters and demolished the block, while clouding the entire area in teargas and CS gas.

This received enormous backlash in local politics. While the city government wanted the squatters out to build a parking garage, most of the population wanted affordable housing to be built in the area.

As of this date, Nijmegen is still called " Havana on the Waal " among some right-wingers. The city council was largely dominated by left-wing and progressive parties such as Green Party , Democrats 66 , Socialist Party , and Labour.

At times Nijmegen has been the only major city in the Netherlands with a solely left-wing government. Nijmegen celebrated its th year of existence in It is considered the oldest city in the Netherlands.

In gaining this qualification, it has competed with the city of Maastricht. Marcel T. Nijmegen has an oceanic climate Cfb. It is one of the warmest cities of the Netherlands, especially during summer, when the highest temperatures in the country are usually measured in the triangle Roermond—Nijmegen—Eindhoven.

The lack of north-south oriented mountain ranges in Europe make this area prone to sudden shifts in weather, giving the region a semi-continental climate.

Some of the northernmost wineries in the world are found just outside Nijmegen, around Groesbeek , a suburban village south-east of Nijmegen. During the European heat wave , closest official weather station Volkel reached a high of The heat wave coincided with that year's Four Day Marches, which were cancelled after the first day, when two people died of hyperthermia -related causes.

Few Roman remains are visible today; a fragment of the old city wall can be seen near the casino and the foundations of the amphitheatre are traced in the paving of the present-day Rembrandtstraat.

The Valkhof Museum , on the Valkhof, has a permanent display of the history of Nijmegen, including artifacts from the Roman era. Additionally, they usually have temporary exhibitions of more and less famous artists.

Not many very old buildings are left in town: first the Americans carpet-bombed it in February , later the Germans shelled it for about five months after the liberation in September , and finally there were a number of vigorous city planners in the s, 60s and 70s who finished the demolition.

There are still a few noteworthy sights, however. Valkhof hill downtown features a Carolingian chapel eighth, ninth century AD and a small remainder of an imperial castle that was demolished in The city council has 39 seats.

After the municipal elections, the three major parties, GroenLinks 9 seats , PvdA 8 seats and SP 6 seats formed a coalition. Because these are all left-wing parties, Nijmegen received the nickname ' Havana on the Waal'.

Although such majorities are not exceptional compare Amsterdam and sometimes also form coalitions see Muntendam , this is unusual for a city this size.

Since such a left-wing coalition might be possible at a national level after the general election, the achievements of this council are often scrutinised.

After the municipal election such a coalition became possible in many more municipalities, making the example even more interesting.

However, nationally these parties scored much better, recovering from an electoral blow of the elections.

Then again, the Leefbaar parties that caused the loss then and lost most of their votes this time have no branch in Nijmegen, which makes this comparison less valid.

Among the three big parties, there was a shift from GroenLinks, who lost 6. As a result, it is no longer the biggest party.

The seat assignment is now as shown in the table. The three-party coalition was returned to office. After the Dutch municipal election, the PvdA lost three of its eleven seats.

Short before the elections, there were problems with the SP. The municipal elections of 19 March saw the Socialist Party narrowly becoming the largest party in the Nijmegen city council after gaining three more seats.

The Greens were only some votes behind, while the Liberal Democrats D'66 gained another seat, while Labour lost half their support, becoming as small as the liberal-conservative VVD.

The former leader of the group, Hayke Veldman, had gone to the House of Representatives, and thus left the city council.

Eigenhuijsen had been second on the party list, but he was not elected to the position of leader. Thereafter, he left the group and started his own one-man group, called Liberal Nijmegen.

Nijmegen is twinned with:. Nijmegen has long been known for its annual Four Days Marches , beginning on the third Tuesday of each July.

In , prominent liberal theologians in the Roman Catholic Church issued what is now known as the Nijmegen Statement , demanding sweeping reforms in the Vatican's Holy Office, previously known as The Inquisition, and calling for greater scope for theological inquiry.

Among its signatories was the then-progressive theologian Fr. Joseph Ratzinger , then a member of the faculty at the University of Tübingen , but later a much more conservative figure as the head of the successor to the Holy Office , the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith , and later still Pope Benedict XVI.

The Nijmegen Statement said: "Any form of Inquisition however subtle, not only harms the development of sound theology, it also causes irreparable damage to the credibility of the church".

The signatories, a group of predominantly German-speaking theologians asserted that "the freedom of theologians, and theology in the service of the church, regained by Vatican II , must not be jeopardised again.

Sport in the city is principally focused on its football club N. The club plays in the Eerste Divisie. Bandy Vereniging Nijmegen is the biggest bandy club in the country.

The city is also home to one of the country's oldest cricket clubs, Quick , a current member of the KNCB. Formed in , the club is the largest cricket club in the east of the country and was formed 13 years after the first club, Utile Dulci from Deventer.

The cricket club has both men's and women's teams. The city also has the Nijmegen Devils , an Ice hockey club.

The three main employers [13] in Nijmegen are:. Radboud University ;. The semiconductor industry. Other notable companies headquartered in Nijmegen include Synthon , a Dutch multinational pharmaceutical company and Vaxxinova , an EW group subsidiary which produces animal vaccines.

To prevent flooding in the near future, the Dutch government is changing the course of more than 30 rivers throughout the country.

Room for the river Waal as it passes Nijmegen is one of these measures. As part of this, the artificial island Veur-Lent was created in The river Waal not only has a sharp bend near Nijmegen, it also forms a bottleneck.

In and this led to high water and floods. To prevent this from happening again and to protect inhabitants of the city and its surroundings against the water, work has been done to relocate the Waal dike in Lent and to excavate a large ancillary channel in the flood plains, creating an island in the Waal.

The large-scale project involves the construction of three bridges, new dikes and concrete water barriers. Volg de Romeinen in Nijmegen en struin daarna langs de hippe boetiekjes in de winkelstraten van de oudste stad van Nederland.

Daarom is de kans groot dat het op verschillende plekken in de regio druk gaat worden. Iedere dag geven de lokale experts ter plaatse in de ochtend, middag en avond de status door.

Het mooie is dat de kaart ook gelijk leuke alternatieven geeft wanneer een locatie te druk is. Zo kom je dus misschien wel op plekken waar je eerste instantie niet aan had gedacht!

Het is heerlijk om buiten te zijn! De prachtige natuur in het Rijk van Nijmegen is heerlijk om door te wandelen of fietsen.

Uitgestrekte bossen, glooiende heidevelden en stille vennetjes, de schoonheid van de natuur zal je verbazen. Wij geven je een overzicht van de mooiste natuurgebieden in het Rijk van Nijmegen.

Zoveel te zien en doen in het Rijk van Nijmegen. De leukste tips voor jou hebben we bij elkaar gezet. Ontdek de prachtige wijngaarden in het heuvelachtige landschap en proef van de heerlijkste wijnen.

Wijsheid komt met de jaren. In de oudste stad van Nederland weten ze dan ook dondersgoed wat gezelligheid voor iedereen inhoudt!

Zing mee bij de tofste concerten, wandel vanuit de stad zo de natuur in en plof na een dagje shoppen neer op een van de vele terrassen. In de fleurige fruitgaarden van de Betuwe komen kleuren pas echt tot hun recht.

In het voorjaar kleurt de bloesem de boomgaarden wit en roze. De vruchten hiervan, verse appels en peren, pluk je in het najaar zelf tijdens de appelplukdagen.

En de vol rode kersen koop je in juni in een stalletje, gewoon langs de weg. Trek je wandelschoenen aan of spring op de fiets. De ruige uiterwaarden en kronkelende dijken langs de rivieren, zijn in alle seizoenen een uitnodiging.

Op het water kan je zowel ontspannen als inspannen. Boudewijn de Groot zong in de jaren zestig al over de bossen en het water van het Land van Maas en Waal.

Tussen de kronkelende rivieren de Maas en de Waal, vind je romantische landerijen en idyllische dijkhuisjes. De vele veerpontjes verbinden de gespleten stukken groen met elkaar.

En de ganzen en steltlopers laten zich graag fotograferen tijdens je oer-Hollandse wandeling in de buitenpolder of uiterwaarde.

Want de vruchtbare bodem van rivierklei biedt basis voor de meest zoete fruitsoorten. Al het water biedt volop mogelijkheden voor zonaanbidders die ontspannen willen zonnen of zwemmen.

Maar ook voor sporters die liever vissen, varen of zelfs duiken. Je haalt je hart op in het Land van Maas en Waal. Wij ontwikkelden een fotoalbum die je eenvoudig kunt laten 'afspelen' op de screensaver van je Chromecast!

Open nu je Google Home app waarmee je je Chromecast instelt, klik jouw Chromecast aan en selecteer 'Ambient modus bewerken'.

Het Rijk van Nijmegen op je beeldbuis. Het Rijk van Nijmegen is ook bij bloggers, vloggers en influencers niet onopgemerkt gebleven.

Zowel Nederlandse als Vlaamse en Duitse bloggers, vloggers en influencers brengen regelmatig een bezoek aan de oudste stad van Nederland.

Bekijk snel het overzicht! Wat is er te doen in Nijmegen?

Top 10 Nijmegen Sehenswürdigkeiten: Hier finden Sie Bewertungen und Fotos von Reisenden über 89 Sehenswürdigkeiten, Touren und. Nijmegen, in Deutschland auch unter dem Namen Nimwegen bekannt, ist nur 5 km von der deutschen Grenzen entfernt. Auch wenn man mal etwas typisch. Wer über die Waalbrücke ins Zentrum kommt, versteht warum die Einwohner von Nijmegen so stolz auf ihre Stadt sind: die Waalkade und die.

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Kreuzfahrtschiff Havarie auf der Waal bei Nijmwegen Sie können Holland auch auf dem Rad entdecken. Nur der Turm ist städtisches Eigentum. Hanzesteden Deventer Zum Reiseplan hinzufügen. Unter Napoleon geriet Nijmegen unter französische Herrschaft, bis es im Wiener Kongress definitiv zum Königreich der Niederlande gelangte. Folgende Personen gehören Ich Hatte Englisch Kollegium und sind in folgenden Bereichen zuständig [24] :. Somit Beste Spielothek in Dossow finden der Name Nijmegen anfänglich für Beste Spielothek in Bad Hamm finden neuen Markt. Diese Cookies sorgen dafür, dass diese Webseite so gut wie möglich funktioniert. Vom Ende des vierten Jahrhunderts bis zum Anfang des fünften Jahrhunderts gab es noch einmal eine spätantike Befestigung im Bereich des späteren Pfalzhügels. Während eines alliierten! Häufig gestellte Fragen zu Nijmegen. Mehr zu Shoppingstädte erfahren.

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Het is heerlijk om buiten te zijn! De prachtige natuur in het Rijk van Nijmegen is heerlijk om door te wandelen of fietsen.

Uitgestrekte bossen, glooiende heidevelden en stille vennetjes, de schoonheid van de natuur zal je verbazen.

Wij geven je een overzicht van de mooiste natuurgebieden in het Rijk van Nijmegen. Zoveel te zien en doen in het Rijk van Nijmegen.

De leukste tips voor jou hebben we bij elkaar gezet. Ontdek de prachtige wijngaarden in het heuvelachtige landschap en proef van de heerlijkste wijnen.

Wijsheid komt met de jaren. In de oudste stad van Nederland weten ze dan ook dondersgoed wat gezelligheid voor iedereen inhoudt!

Zing mee bij de tofste concerten, wandel vanuit de stad zo de natuur in en plof na een dagje shoppen neer op een van de vele terrassen. In de fleurige fruitgaarden van de Betuwe komen kleuren pas echt tot hun recht.

In het voorjaar kleurt de bloesem de boomgaarden wit en roze. De vruchten hiervan, verse appels en peren, pluk je in het najaar zelf tijdens de appelplukdagen.

En de vol rode kersen koop je in juni in een stalletje, gewoon langs de weg. Trek je wandelschoenen aan of spring op de fiets. De ruige uiterwaarden en kronkelende dijken langs de rivieren, zijn in alle seizoenen een uitnodiging.

Op het water kan je zowel ontspannen als inspannen. Boudewijn de Groot zong in de jaren zestig al over de bossen en het water van het Land van Maas en Waal.

Tussen de kronkelende rivieren de Maas en de Waal, vind je romantische landerijen en idyllische dijkhuisjes. De vele veerpontjes verbinden de gespleten stukken groen met elkaar.

En de ganzen en steltlopers laten zich graag fotograferen tijdens je oer-Hollandse wandeling in de buitenpolder of uiterwaarde.

Want de vruchtbare bodem van rivierklei biedt basis voor de meest zoete fruitsoorten. Al het water biedt volop mogelijkheden voor zonaanbidders die ontspannen willen zonnen of zwemmen.

Maar ook voor sporters die liever vissen, varen of zelfs duiken. Je haalt je hart op in het Land van Maas en Waal. Wij ontwikkelden een fotoalbum die je eenvoudig kunt laten 'afspelen' op de screensaver van je Chromecast!

Open nu je Google Home app waarmee je je Chromecast instelt, klik jouw Chromecast aan en selecteer 'Ambient modus bewerken'. Het Rijk van Nijmegen op je beeldbuis.

Het Rijk van Nijmegen is ook bij bloggers, vloggers en influencers niet onopgemerkt gebleven. Zowel Nederlandse als Vlaamse en Duitse bloggers, vloggers en influencers brengen regelmatig een bezoek aan de oudste stad van Nederland.

Bekijk snel het overzicht! Wat is er te doen in Nijmegen? Bekijk deze inspiratievideo en krijg een indruk van de stad Nijmegen. Cultuur, historie, winkelstraten, gezellige evenementen en genieten in het groen.

Wat is jouw favoriete plek? Hoe waren jouw kerstdagen? Tot en met komende week heb je nog de tijd om het open podium in de Stevenskerk te bezoeken!

At the time, the Waal Bridge was a remarkable feat of engineering: it was the longest tied-arch bridge in Europe.

On 10 May , during the German invasion of the Netherlands , the Waal Bridge had been demolished by Dutch military engineers to prevent a rapid advance of the Wehrmacht.

On 22 February , the Allied Bombing of Nijmegen took place. Its intended target of opportunity was the railway station area which the Germans used for weapons transport , but because the attack was carelessly executed, most bombs dropped on residential buildings in the city centre, killing about civilians.

Their efforts failed, however, and may have even been counterproductive. On the eve of Market Garden, most Nijmegeners were passionately awaiting Allied liberation, despite the bombardment.

That liberation seemed to come soon when in late August Heeresgruppe B collapsed in Normandy and made a rushed, chaotic retreat to Germany, leaving the Allies to capture Northern France and Belgium in a matter of days.

This gave rise to a euphoric ambiance throughout the Netherlands on the next day, later known as Mad Tuesday , when one exaggerated rumour after another fed the hope that liberation would occur in a matter of hours.

However, the German forces managed to regroup, and would not be driven out of the Netherlands without a fight.

British general Montgomery then designed the ambitious plan Market Garden, to surprise the Germans by the deployment of airborne forces.

These would quickly seize several crucial bridges across major rivers, after which the heavy armour could advance straight through the Netherlands, along Eindhoven , Nijmegen and Arnhem, and reach the Ruhr , where a vital part of Germany's war industry was located.

The airborne landings were given the codename "Market," and the ground force operation was given codename "Garden. The airborne drop would secure the bridges that were vulnerable to being blown up by the Germans and protect the invasion route.

The operation may have been sufficient to finish the war before the end of The success of Market Garden depended on the timely and intact capture of a number of bridges in the southeastern Netherlands by American, British, Polish and Canadian airborne forces.

These were to clear the way, Highway 69 or later nicknamed " Hell's Highway "— from Belgium to the north Nether Rhine bank for the advance of the heavily armed British XXX Corps supported by the Guards Armoured Division , consisting of dozens of Sherman tanks and artillery.

If this firepower could be moved across all major Dutch rivers in time, Germany might be defeated and the war ended before The 82nd's main body and the th PIR would land north and south of Grave to capture the first 5 bridges, while the th and th PIRs would jump at Groesbeek to secure the vital Groesbeek Heights to block any German counterattacks from the Klever Reichswald , [14] to advance towards Nijmegen and lastly to occupy the Waal Bridge.

On 17 September at , Companies D, E and F of the th PIR placed under the 82nd Division for the operation were dropped near the Grave Bridge, which was seized and defended successfully against German counterattacks after a two to three hour firefight.

The 82nd Division's own website states:. After long waiting, the American soldiers decided to march on. Several blocks before the Keizer Karelplein, a platoon came under fire by a German machine gun, which, however, was soon taken out.

On the square, a major firefight broke out: German soldiers shot at the paratroopers from the square's centre and the houses surrounding it.

They relinquished the Keizer Karelplein, and tried a more eastern route, systematically cleaning up every German guard post underway, and almost reaching the bridge.

The Allies' greatest fear was that the Germans would blow up the Road Bridge, which would render Market Garden a failure. Indeed, the Germans had already installed explosives on the bridge, ready to be detonated when that would be deemed necessary, but this never happened during the entire battle.

Generalfeldmarschall Walter Model , commander of the German forces in the Netherlands, counted on an Allied defeat at Arnhem. This meant the bridge could still be of use for a large-scale counteroffensive, and so it was not destroyed on 17 September.

However, when he was arrested and executed by the Germans the next day, he was soon heroised as the "Saviour of the Waal Bridge". An official investigation after the war concluded the Germans would have had enough time to charge the bridge with explosives once more and demolish it anyway; however, they again did not do so out of strategic considerations.

Because elements of the British 1st Airborne Division were still in control of the Arnhem bridge at the time, [24] the 1. Fallschirmjäger Oberst Henke prepared the Railway Bridge's defences.

The two roundabouts and beltway were reinforced during the next 48 hours. The Americans would have to wait for the XXX Corps' help in taking the bridges, even though according to the planning, they should have been captured before the British arrival.

The bi-national force was split in two groups: the western group would take the Railway Bridge, and the eastern group the Road Bridge.

The arrival of the British gave Gavin the necessary sense of security to send some of his troops from the Groesbeek Heights to join the assault.

At , the Anglo-American combat forces moved into town, resulting in a heavy firefight at the Keizer Lodewijkplein.

The British tanks and armour exchanged fire with the German anti-tank cannons and infantry entrenched at the Valkhof fortress, while the American paratroopers fortified themselves in residential buildings on the square's south side.

Meanwhile, heavy German artillery bombarded the attackers from Lent across the river Waal. Soon it became apparent that a mere head-on assault on the German positions might take several more days.

However, the Allies did not have that much time to spare in relieving the British troops in Arnhem.

It necessitated capturing the north end of both bridges to isolate the German forces on the south bank. To accomplish this, infantry would have to cross the river under fire.

Initially, Cook had no idea where to get them. Eventually, canvas boats had to be transported from Belgium, delaying the Waal crossing by a day.

To make the river crossing a success, a renewed attack on the bridge's south sides was needed to divert the enemy's attention and firepower.

Nijmegen's city centre had to be swept clean systematically first, block by block. This operation began in the morning of 20 September at , succeeding unexpectedly quickly.

The occupying force was easily pushed back, as long as it could delay the Allies. Much of the combat took place on rooftops, where parachutists rapidly hopped from one rooftop to the next.

Only in the Kronenburgerpark , where the elite SS troops of Kampfgruppe Henke had a clear field of fire, the advance went slowly.

Meanwhile, the II. The planned crossing at had to be delayed time and again because of logistical problems: the supply of canvas boats by truck from Belgium was difficult, since Hell's Highway was narrow, and constantly blocked by burnt-out vehicles.

The crossing finally took place at , about two kilometres downstream from the Waal Bridge, near the old Gelderland Power Plant. Some boats capsized or sank during the crossing.

Despite the losses, at least 16 boats survived the initial crossing. A field telephone line was laid on the riverbed for communication across the river.

Instead, however, at dusk about to German soldiers approached the Americans to surrender. Around the same time, the Waal Bridge's northern end was seized by another group after an extraordinarily bloody fight.

The 1st Battalion then relieved the 3rd to guard the railway bridge. Time was ticking away for the British tanks and artillery on the south bank of the Waal, as their munitions were running low.

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